At St Wilfrid’s Phonics is taught daily from Nursery to Year 2, however it may continue to be taught across school to ensure that all children receive a good understanding of phonics to support their reading. Children will learn different phonemes (sounds) and graphemes (letters), to enable them to segment and blend words for reading.

At St Wilfrid's we follow the 'Letters and Sounds' teaching approach, which has six phases.

Phase 1

Children start at Phase One as they enter into Nursery. Phase one falls largely within the Communication, Language and Literacy area of the Early Years Foundation Stage. It supports children in their ability to listen attentively, enlarge their vocabulary, speak confidently and discriminate phonemes. Phase One is arranged into seven aspects which focus on, general sound discrimination- environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body percussion, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and oral blending and segmenting.

Phase 2

Children start Phase Two as they enter Reception. The purpose of this phase is to teach 19 letters and move children on from oral blending and segmentation to blending and segmentation with letters. By the end of this Phase children should be able to read some CVC words and to spell them using magnetic letters or by writing the letters they need to make words. During this phase children will be introduced to some “tricky” words which must be learned as sight vocabulary.

Phase 3

Children entering Phase Three will know around 19 letters and will be able to blend phonemes to read CVC words and segment CVC words to spell. The purpose of this phase is to teach another 25 graphemes, most of them comprising of two letters (e.g. oa), and some comprising of three letter (e.g. igh). The aim here is that children will be able to represent 42 phonemes (Sounds) by a grapheme (written letter/combination of letters).  In this Phase children will learn letter names and will be introduced to more “tricky” words.


Phase 4

Children entering Phase Four will be able to represent each of the 42 phonemes by a grapheme, and will be able to blend and segment CVC words. The will know letter names and will be able to read and spell some tricky words. The purpose of this Phase is to consolidate children’s’ knowledge of language and word patterns.

Phase 5

Phase Five is taught throughout Year One. In this Phase children broaden their knowledge of graphemes and phonemes for use in reading and spelling. They also learn new graphemes and alternative pronunciations of these and some alternative pronunciations for graphemes they already know. Children will become quicker at recognising high frequency and “tricky” words and will read and spell these correctly.


Phase 6

Phase Six is taught throughout Year 2. By the beginning of Phase Six, children should know most of the grapheme/phoneme correspondences and should be able to read hundreds of words through three approaches.

  1. Reading words automatically
  2. Decoding them quickly and silently because their blending and segmenting routine is now well established
  3. Decoding them aloud.

Children’s spelling should be phonetically accurate although it may still be a little unconventional at times. During this phase children become fluent readers and increasingly accurate spellers.

Phonics Screening

Each year, children in Year 1 will take a Phonic's Screening Test to assess their phonic knowledge. This takes place in school during the month of June. Children who do not achieve the required standard in the test may need to be assesed again during Year 2.

Office Contact: Mrs P Jackson

St Wilfrid's Church of England

Primary Academy.

Rectory Lane, Standish,

Wigan WN6 0XB

Tel: 01257423992

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